Fundamental Analysis: Beginners Guide 2022

Fundamental Analysis

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Research is a necessary part of a successful investment; traders analyze the market, do a study of the market factors for an excellent investment. The traders investigate the technical and fundamental analysis that aids them in making the right decisions. The technical analysis is mostly known by all the market participants. 

The technical analysis concerns the price of the security that is traded, an investor checks the market, its factors that make the prices fluctuate. Another important analysis tool is the fundamental analysis, which concerns the market economy, financial factors, interest rates, quality, and quantity that help determine the intrinsic value. 

The article will enhance the knowledge of the readers in respect of the fundamental analysis and how it works to help traders for an effective trade investment. In addition, what makes the technical and fundamental analysis different from one another will guide for an improved and advanced trade. 

Fundamental Analysis 

Market trading has always been scary for many traders; they fear the risk, loss, and market segments that make the prices of the security traded fluctuate directly or indirectly. Fundamental analysis is an indirect price changing factor that impacts the market for the price movement of the security. 

The most rewarding analysis tool is a fundamental analysis that evaluates the investment by considering the economic, qualitative, quantitative, financial sectors of the market for analyzing the worth of the security. The microeconomic and macroeconomic factors are essential for fundamental analysis. These elements of the market, such as the economic condition, management proficiency, financial situations, etc. which incorporate the micro and macro. 

Traders use the fundamental analysis for predicting the intrinsic value of the security that helps the trader invest in the market. Moreover, traders can compare the currency prices of the security with the intrinsic value for a detailed analysis. Thus, giving traders market forecasts and determining whether the security is overvalued or undervalued. 

Here, we have a list of the micro and macro factors of the economy impacting the trade: 

  • Economic health 
  • Sectors with a growth 
  • News and updates 
  • International political reports 
  • Competitive markets 
  • Costs of production 
  • Labor economics 
  • Supply and demand of the market

The traders can apply the fundamental analysis in various markets, including the stock market, forex market, and commodities market. 

Investors of the financial markets use fundamental analysis for their business needs. Investors who look forward to long-term traders use technical and fundamental analysis for understanding the business and its elements from various market perspectives. This helps them to remove the unnecessary market problems and concentrate on the real ones that will lead to a profitable path. 

Market securities keep appreciating and declining, making opportunities and risks for the traders. A trader with the analysis tools makes the best out of the market changes and avoids the losses by having an exit strategy. 

Fundamental Analysis vs Technical Analysis 

Investors are aware of the fact that the market has several things marking their foot in the trade, which can make the prices increase or decrease. But, before jumping on the fundamental analysis in detail, traders should be clear about the difference and similarities technical and fundamental analysis share. Below, we have focused on the two tools of the market: 

  • Technical analysis is different in its aspects of trading; it uses the previous data of prices for predicting the change. At the same time, the fundamental analysis uses economic and political data for market analysis.  
  • In technical analysis, traders study the price changes through charts. In contrast, the fundamental analysis uses the financial statements of the companies. The trader has to study the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statements for analysis. Comparing the intrinsic value of the securities with the reports of past and present. When the intrinsic value of the security is low, traders invest in the market, but the technical analysts discuss the price reflections for investment. 
  • Technical analysis has the short term market analysis technique, whereas fundamental analysis uses the long term analysis time period. The companies of the market usually have annual reports, which makes the fundamental analysis long term. However, the technical analysis uses weekly, daily, or minutes charts for analysing the price movements. 
  • In addition, the two serve different goals for the traders; the technical analysis focuses on the short term trades to earn profits; on the other hand, fundamental analysis requires traders to go for long term investments for trade and profits. 
  • The similarity the two analysis factors share is they help traders predict the market movements in different aspects of the trade. This helps the traders know the market and which investment will prove to be profitable. 

Fundamental Analysts 

Fundamental analysts are the person who analyzes the market, and anyone could be a market analyst, in fact. It is not necessary that a person with a professional degree in commerce or accounts will understand the data. A fundamental analyst requires the following skills for predicting the market changes and having a successful trade: 

  • Able to understand the financial statements 
  • Knowing the industry and its sectors that the business operates in for identifying the opportunities
  • Arithmetic operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division should be known

The above-mentioned skills are vital for a good fundamental analysis of the market and making the right decisions. 

Tools of Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysts use several types of tools for market analysis that is extremely required for better results and are available free to access. Some of the specific tools for basic market understanding are: 

Annual Report

A report that gives an insight into the business and is significant for fundamental analysis. It carries all the information for market analysis in the annual report. The report is available for free through the company’s official website. Thus, it is easy to access and study business growth.

Business/ Industry Data 

The industry data is important for the traders as investors are able to compare the company’s performance in the industry. Moreover, the data is on the company’s website or published by the industries for its associations and businessmen. 

News and Updates 

The world is full of changes every second, and if a trader is aware of the news or information relating to their trade, they can analyze the impact. A trader is updated on the latest market developments and can compare them with the ongoing happenings. There are companies or even websites that provide updates on the latest market developments for the traders. 

MS Excel

It is not for free to use, although MS Excel aids traders with the fundamental calculations to trade. The data retrieved from the company financial statements are available with the software, MS Excel giving advanced equations. Accountants and consultants can use the excel sheet to have a deep calculation of the change. 

How to use Fundamental Analysis in the Financial Markets?

A trader can use the fundamental analysis as per their requirements or according to the security traded needs. Here we have the points that should be taken into consideration for fundamental analysis of the financial market. Let’s drive in into the pool of information for a better understanding and market profits: 


The first and significant point to take is to understand the company a trader is working with. Investing is not easy if a trader goes blindly, therefore analyzing the company, it’s working, and factors of the market, etc., are necessary to be understood before jumping in. 

This will help the investors to know the market performance of the company; traders can check the balance sheet, cash flow, etc., of the firm thus, having a fundamental understanding of its operations. Moreover, traders can know if the company is making the right decision for its future and growth. 

Even traders can visit the companies website, know the industry, its management strategies, etc., for gathering information. 

Studying the Reports of the Company

The next thing a trader can study is the reports of the firm, which will give them a deep knowledge of the company’s financial position in the market. Knowing the company is not enough for making an investment. Companies’ profit-loss statements, operation costs, revenue earned, expenses, miscellaneous charges, etc., are essential. 

In addition, traders with all this knowledge and statements analyze the growth rate of the company. 

Debentures Report 

The debts of the company should be taken into account for investments and fundamental analysis. A company’s performance not only depends on its earnings but also on the debts it has incurred. If the firm has huge debt, it is going to be difficult for the investor to trade in the sector. Therefore, companies with huge debts should be avoided. 


The business sector the trader plans to put up money in has competition from other sectors of the economy. Hence, a trader should analyze the competition, position of the company, and who’s the best among the trades for balanced trade. The company which the trader is willing to trade should have better projects, growth in the future and plants, etc. 

Future Prospects 

We know by now that fundamental analysis is for long-term investments, and looking into the future prospects of the company is a necessity for a good trade. If a company has its roots down in the industry for a period of 20 to 25 years or more, it will be a beneficial investment. Otherwise, traders should reconsider their investments. 

Regular Review 

Making an investment and not following the trade is the worst a trader can do. They should regularly, from time to time, look into the performance of the market and the market companies for profit from the market. Being updated about the firm and its growth will help the trader invest and have knowledge of all the above-mentioned aspects of the trade. 

How to Conduct Fundamental Analysis?

To conduct fundamental analysis, traders have to follow certain steps. Below mentioned are the steps that traders can take to have a fundamental analysis of the security: 

  1. The initial step is to open a trading account with a reputed and regulated online broker. A trader can go with brokers such as ABInvesting or PrimeFin, as these have a simple process of creating an account and accessing the market with the trading tools. 
  1. For opening a trading account, investors can register by providing their name, email address, contact details, and setting a password. Once registered with brokers, traders can fill in the information required by the broker, such as income source, documents, etc. 
  1. The second step is answering the questionnaire and uploading the required documents for verification. The questionnaire relates to traders’ past investment experience and knowledge. 
  1. The third step is selecting a trading account that would be suitable for the trader and depositing the minimum funds to begin the trade. 
  1. The fourth step is to explore the financial markets for opportunities for investment. 
  1. With the help of educational material offered by the online brokers, traders can read how they can use fundamental analysis, how it works, or calculate the ratios or other fundamental factors of the market. 
  1. Moreover, there are trading tools and platforms that would help the traders to use the fundamental analysis tools and have a quick market scan. With the trading tool, traders can search about the industry and its growth potential. 
  2. The news and updates section also helps the traders analyse the trade and access the reports. 
  1. The final step is to use the risk management controls for placing a beneficial trade. 
  1. Traders can keep track of the market movements with the trading tools and regularly observe the market. In addition, there are several fundamental strategies that could be used by the investors for signals and correct market forecasts. 


Fundamental analysis is an important part of the trade; a trader requires to analyze the trade from all perspectives. They use both technical and fundamental analysis for a smooth trade. Fundamental analysis, as read above, relates to the economy, social, political factors, etc. With the price of the security, it is also essential to know the factors behind the change of the market. 

However, these are not easy to study; traders need to have an understanding and knowledge of the trade and market. The trading tools offered by brokers like ABInvesting and PrimeFin, who are legitimate online brokers, help traders for a successful investment. 


What are the fundamental analysis tools provided by the online brokers?

Online brokers offer a number of fundamental tools for analyzing market changes. These include live market charts, financial reports, supply and demand, news and updates, competitor analysis, industry review, asset management, etc. A trader can enter the security to trade and get all the related information through the financial analysis tools of the broker. These are provided by the trading platforms. 

Are ABInvesting and PrimeFin legitimate brokers?

Both the online forex brokers are legitimate and are authorized to conduct the online trade. ABInvesting is regulated by the Mauritius Financial Services Commission, whereas PrimeFin is regulated by the Labuan Financial Services Authority. Hence, the two have a secure environment for trade.

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